Report: Protectionism in the 21st century


The purpose of this report is to synthesize efforts to monitor protectionism in the 21st century.

In this report, the National Board of Trade analyses the status and character of modern-day protectionism, as well as important trends, including the overarching question of whether protectionism is on the rise or in decline.

In the report, the Board applies a comprehensive view of protectionism, including barriers to trade in goods, trade in services, investment flows, movement of people and data flows. The report is part of a comprehensive effort during 2016 to analyse the nature and effect of current protectionism.